Ground design

A Look at 9/11-24, 2001 and Terrorism in the World Today – Orange County Register

Remembering September 11-24, 2001

Before the attack

Below is a promotional poster for the World Trade Center Observation Deck. The poster depicts the twin towers created from a collage of words from all the different sites you can see from the viewing platform. The observation deck was 107 stories high at the top of tower two. The elevator ride covered a quarter mile in 58 seconds. The towers had 22 restaurants and 60 retail establishments.

At 1,377 feet, the outer observation deck of the South Tower Observation Deck was the tallest in the world at the time. On a clear day you could see 45 miles in each direction. On average, the observation deck attracted 1.8 million visitors per year, or about 4,900 per day.

Security filtering

Shortly after 7:35 a.m., hijackers Salem al-Hazmi, left, and Nawaf al-Hazmi, center, passed through security at Washington Dulles International Airport. They are among the five who will hijack American Airlines Flight 77.

Portland International Airport and Washington Dulles International Airport have installed security cameras at checkpoints. Boston Logan International Airport and Newark International Airport do not have surveillance equipment in use.

The 19 hijackers are affiliated with the militant Islamist group al-Qaeda: 15 Saudis, two United Arab Emirates, one Lebanese and one Egyptian.

Outcome of attacks

• 2,996 dead, more than 25,000 injured

• At least $10 billion in damage to infrastructure and property.

• Deadliest terrorist attack in human history and deadliest incident for firefighters (340) and law enforcement (72) in US history

September 12

Search for survivors

Thousands of construction workers, first responders and self-help volunteers converge at Ground Zero to search for survivors, improvising bucket brigades to remove debris from the mountainous pile formed by the collapse of the World Trade Center.

At 12.30 p.m., the rescuers freed Genelle Guzman from the wreckage. A Port Authority of New York and New Jersey employee who evacuated from the 64th floor of the North Tower. Guzman is the last of 18 people trapped in the rubble to be found alive.

Agencies Act

Members of the New York City Fire Department search for survivors while battling fires burning under the rubble of the collapsed World Trade Center.

Perimeter clearance

The New York City Department of Transportation and the New York City Department of Sanitation are working to clean up the streets around the perimeter of the World Trade Center site. Staff remove crashed cars, debris and other large obstructions to allow passage for emergency crews and construction equipment heading to the site.

Fresh Kills landfill reopens

The Fresh Kills facility on Staten Island, a former landfill slated to become a park, reopens shortly before daybreak to provide space for investigators to further analyze and search for the wreckage of the World Trade Center.

Fighting fires at the Pentagon

Fires continue to burn along the roof of the Pentagon. As the Arlington County Fire Department and firefighters from other regional departments battle the blaze. President George W. Bush visits the Pentagon to thank first responders and others who arrived to help.

September 13

The photo below shows the Ground Zero Cross, seen from West Street. The steel fragment is moved from its original location to the edge of the site near West Street on October 3, 2001. The Ground Zero Cross is on display at the 9/11 Memorial Museum.

Photo from the 9/11 Memorial Museum collection, Gift of the photographer, John Weston, in memory of his parents.

September 14

President Bush visits Ground Zero to thank workers and volunteers. During his visit, he gives an impromptu speech. When a worker shouts “I can’t hear you”, President Bush replies: “I hear you! The rest of the world hears you! And the people who tore down those buildings will hear from us all soon!

Frozen Zone Movement Limits

Lower Manhattan becomes more accessible as a restricted neighborhood known as the “Frozen Zone” shifts from the entire area below 14th Street to the area south of Canal Street. Originally created on the evening of 9/11 by New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, this cordoned off area is off-limits to non-rescuers and non-residents.

Approximately 37,000 households are located south of Canal Street. Residents must show proof of residency to enter.

September 16

Volunteers begin serving hot meals outside St. Paul’s Chapel, which has operated as a respite center for recovery workers at the World Trade Center site since the day of the attacks. The American Red Cross and Salvation Army have operated mobile relief stations since 9/11 and opened indoor respite and relief centers soon after the attacks.

September 17

The New York Stock Exchange reopens after its longest closure since the Great Depression of 1933. In honor of those killed in the attacks, the NYSE observes two minutes of silence before the start of trading.

permanent memorial

The 9/11 Memorial opened on September 11, 2011. It is located on the west side of the former World Trade Center complex where the Twin Towers once stood. The memorial was designed by two architects, Michael Arad and Peter Walker, whose proposal was selected in a design competition from 5,201 submissions from 63 countries.

The Memorial Plaza surrounds two enormous reflecting pools located within the footprints of the North and South Towers.

The pools feature 30-foot waterfalls – the largest man-made waterfalls in North America. Water cascades into reflective pools, eventually disappearing into central voids. The names of those who were killed in the New York, Pentagon, and Flight 93 bombings, as well as the 1993 WTC bombing, are etched in bronze around the edges of the pools.

To learn more, visit 911memorial.org.

The 9/11 Memorial Museum’s permanent collection is a repository of physical evidence, first-person testimony, and historical response records to February 26, 1993 and September 11, 2001, and the ongoing aftermath of these terrorist events. The museum has acquired over 70,000 artifacts that document the fate of victims, survivors and responders.

Ladder Company 3’s truck is currently in the 9/11 Museum.

A handmade quilt consisting of nine rows and 11 columns of red, white and blue fabric with 3,024 names of victims embroidered in white in alphabetical order by first name. The quilt is titled Muslim Public Affairs Council 9/11 Quilt.

Terror today

The Institute for Economics & Peace’s 2022 Global Terrorism Index found that a few more countries got better, then got worse. In 2021, 25 countries recorded reductions in the number of deaths from terrorism, while 21 countries recorded increases and 117 countries recorded no change in the number of deaths. One hundred and five countries have not recorded any terrorist incident.

The GTI assesses four measures, the number of attacks, deaths, injuries and hostages, using a 5-year weighting system to determine the level of impact for a given year. The weighting system takes into account the impact of the lingering effect of terrorism on a country’s psyche.

Although the death toll from terrorism has remained fairly constant over the past four years, it remains a major global threat. The number of terrorist incidents remains significantly higher than a decade ago, while the number of countries affected by terrorism increased slightly from 43 in 2020 to 44 in 2021.

Sources: Associated Press, Institute for Economics and Peace, FBI, 911memorial.org

Photos of the 911 Memorial and Museum